Nephrologists are those who specialize in treating kidney conditions and here at NHBlume, we have experts who are experienced in the field and are efficient in diagnosing and managing chronic kidney diseases.
Kidneys are a couple of bean-shaped organs that are little and are situated in the back beneath the rib. The essential capacity is to filter wastes and other overabundant liquids from the blood and dispose of them from the body by means of urine. It is a component of the kidneys to keep up with the right equilibrium of liquids in the body and the minerals that are vital for nerve and muscle well being.
Aside from these, their extra capacities incorporate making erythropoietin, a chemical that aids the creation of red platelets, and a compound that controls the circulatory strain known as renin. They convert the vitamin D into a hormone that is made use of by the body to maintain and balance the metabolism. This process involves the body removing old bone tissue and replacing it with new bone.
Kidney tests are frequently done to guarantee to comprehend whether they are working efficiently and what are the substances being released into the urine, at what levels, and how rapidly. To analyze the different functions of kidneys, various tests are done. The healthcare professional will guide you through the tests that need to be taken and for what purposes they are taken.
Kidney tests are typically performed by taking blood or urine tests. These do not cause pain and do not have any side effects too.
Types of Kidney Tests:
Creatinine clearance test:
A creatinine clearance test is done to fathom how capable are the kidneys functioning in an individual. The experimental outcomes depend on estimating how much creatinine is in the urine, a protein that is gotten from the blood by the kidneys. This helps doctors determine the measure of your kidney function.
The test is directed by collecting a urine test in a holder for 12 to 24 hrs. It is collected each time your kid goes to the restroom. The following should be kept in mind if you are collecting urine samples for creatinine tests,
- All samples of urine for 24 hrs should be collected
- The collected sample should be stored in a dark place or covered with a dark cloth
- It should be stored in the refrigerator or on ice till it is returned to the hospital
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
These tests are also done to understand how well the kidneys are functioning. Before this test, a substance called ‘tracer’ is given in the vein. When this substance is directed, follow-up tests are finished to decide the speed at which the tracer goes through the kidneys and is wiped out from the body.
Renal Function Test
These tests are done to gauge the number of specific substances being released into the blood or urine by the kidneys. An increase or decrease in any of these substances shows that the working of the kidneys is not as they are supposed to. The tests are either done in the blood or the urine samples and have no side impacts.
These tests are taken to count the number of white platelets and the red platelets in the urine. The presence of bacteria, protein, and sugar is also tested in this method. The test is performed by gathering a sample in a cup that is then sent off to the research center for testing. Like the rest, they do not cause any harm and do not have any side effects.